A wood planer is a woodworking tool that is ideal for intensive projects where the worker needs to control what they can do with the wood supply. While a joiner is another power tool that can be used, for many wood-related tasks, the planer is a more efficient tool than a joiner.
Producing wooden boards of the same thickness and flat on both sides is a job that suits a portable planer. A planer can either be a handheld tool or one that can sit on a bench and operated that way. The advantage of a portable device positioned on a bench is that it combines the best of both worlds and can benefit from the stable planing platform to make even cuts reliably.
The cutting depth of the wood is altered on the machine. Wood can be fed through the tool and then the in-feed roller will do the work of continuing to move the wood along the track. There is also an out-feed roller on the other side which helps the cut timber move past the work area. The feed roller system ensures consistent cutting depth across the entire piece of wood once the cutting is complete. Between each feeder is the cutting drum
The cutting area has a drum with one or more sharp, spinning blades that slide through the wood to cut it down to size. In many models, each knife is interchangeable and can be turned around to benefit from the sharpness of the blade on either side when one side has become too dull. Blades can also be easily removed and replaced with either new ones or sharpened old blades when needed.
A planer is often used to work with irregular wood pieces that need to be cut to an even thickness for a particular project. Using a portable planer is helpful for people working with wood because they don’t have to worry as much about wood supplies of different thicknesses. As long as the quality of the wood pile is high, the wood can also be cut to a consistent thickness by the planer tool. Owning such a product provides additional flexibility when sourcing wood supplies and can ultimately save money on a project when intelligently used. Work doesn’t need to stop when suitable wood supplies of the right thickness become unavailable when a planer is available to resolve the issue for the team.
An adjustable fence offers the option to cut bevels into the wood to allow doors to move smoother within door frames without the possibility of jamming. While doing so can dull blades faster, lumbar has become cheaper making this still cost-effective.
Proper training is needed when professionally using a wood planer to avoid inclined panes and tear outs from happening. Therefore, a little bit of training by an experienced planer worker is advisable for new recruits who are new to this type of woodworking tool.
What’s Included with The Best Portable Planer
A portable planer will usually have a steel frame and multiple knives fitted to the cutter head. The blades holder has a release mechanism to remove knives quickly to be rotated 180-degrees and refitted, or to be replaced with newer versions.
A powerful motor serves to rotate the cutter head up to 10,000 RPMs.
A depth adjustment tool is present to make fast changes to the cutting depth.
The feed table and rollers on either side of the cutter head help to feed wood towards the cutting area and then through to the other end of it.
Each planer model has a maximum cutting depth, a maximum depth capacity, and a maximum width capacity. These measurements vary depending on the wood planer model.
The unit, built for strength, may include diagonal cross supports to add further rigidity.
An LED light may be attached to the model to illuminate the work area.
What to Know Before Making a Purchase
Each wood planer emits different levels of noise during operation. If this is an issue for the woodworker, choose a quieter model.
The unit should be constructed using a durable metal like steel to lend the product increased strength.
More powerful motors deliver increased cutting ability.
Additional cutting knives assist a wood planer in cutting depth more accurately. It also protects against one of the knives gradually becoming dull and less effective, while other rotating blades still manage to cut successfully.
Portable planers are less weighty than non-portable versions. With that said, being constructed using sturdy materials, they are not light or that easily maneuverable. Therefore, think carefully about where they will be positioned to avoid needing to keep relocating them often.
Makita is a Japanese marker of important power tools. The company, founded in 1915, continues to impress power tool users with their extensive range of products for the home and commercial market.
DeWalt is a leading provider of power tools in the US market. Their batteries are interchangeable, and the durability of their products is one of the hallmarks of the company.
Festool is a German power tool manufacturer, part of the TTS Tooltechnic Systems holding company. Their products are designed with the goal of being some of the toughest ones in the market.
Delta Power Tools is a leader specifically in woodworking tools and specializes in products for this growing market.
What Consumers Say
Taking a look at consumers’ reviews, these are a few of the opinions most often voiced by buyers:
Instrument making: Wood planers are precise enough tools that artists can craft new musical instruments like violins or banjos by using one.
Dust hood: Not every planer includes a dust hood, which means that wood shavings and dust can spray around the work area. Consider whether this would be beneficial as planers create a considerable amount of excess wood shavings during extended use.
Blades: Not all blades last the same amount of time with each brand of planer. Check to see how long the cutting blades can be expected to endure and consider the operating cost of each unit to get value for money.